The public cloud provides the provision of cloud services in a virtualized environment, implemented through shared physical resources and accessible via a public network such as the Internet. It is opposed to the private cloud, which delimits the pool of underlying computing resources, creating a distinct cloud platform that can only be accessed by a single organization. Public couds instead provide services to multiple customers through a single shared infrastructure.
The clearest examples of cloud computing are in the public cloud model, because by definition they are available to the public. “Software as a Service” (SaaS) offers such as cloud storage and CRM are perhaps the most familiar, but the model can also be followed by the popular “Infrastructure as a Service” (IaaS) offers and “Platform as a Service” (PaaS), including web hosting and cloud-based development environments (although all of these can also exist in private clouds). Public clouds are widely used for private offers, which are less likely to require the level of infrastructure and security offered by private clouds. In any case, companies can also use public clouds to make their activities much more efficient, for example by storing non-sensitive data, online collaboration on documents and web mail.
The public cloud offers the following advantages and functions:
♦ Maximum scalability: cloud resources are available on demand, drawing from the large public coud basins so that applications running on the cloud respond without interruption to the oscillations of the activity;
♦ Convenience: public clouds bring together greater levels of resources and therefore can offer advantages related to large economies of scale. The centralized functioning and management of the underlying resources are subdivided among all the resulting cloud services, while components, such as servers, require fewer customization interventions. Some offers for the mass market can even be free for the customer, given that advertising compensates for revenue;
♦ “Billing” style costs: public cloud services often adopt a “pay-as-you-go” payment model, so that consumers can access the necessary resources at the right time and then pay only those used, without waste;
♦ Reliability: The high number of servers and networks involved in the creation of public cloud and redundant configurations make sure that in the presence of faults to a physical component, the cloud service continues to operate with the remaining components. In some cases where clouds draw resources from a variety of data centers, even if an entire data center is unlinked, there would be no consequences for individual cloud services. In other words, there is no single point of vulnerability that could jeopardize the public cloud service;
♦ Flexibility: on the market there are a myriad of IaaS, PaaS and SaaS services that follow the public cloud model and which are accessible as a service from any device set up for the Internet. These services can meet most computing requirements and can benefit both private and business customers. Enterprises can even integrate their public cloud services with private clouds when they need to perform sensitive business functions, creating hybrid clouds;
♦ Geographical independence: access to public cloud services via Internet connections ensures that the services are available wherever the customer is. This creates valuable opportunities for businesses, such as remote access to IT infrastructure (in case of emergencies, etc.) or online collaboration on documents from multiple locations.
public cloud reggio emilia
Public cloud Reggio Emilia, the offer of the Public Cloud in Reggio Emilia of the Secure Online Desktop.
The Public Cloud or Public Cloud is one of the models of cloud computing, where a Service Provider (or Cloud Provider in this case) makes publicly available on the Internet resources such as applications and storage.
Public Cloud Reggio Emilia
Some of the main advantages of using a public cloud service are:
♦ A simple and economical setup as the hardware, applications and costs of the band are covered by the Cloud provider.
♦ Scalable: the public cloud service adapts to business needs by providing the possibility to increase and decrease (even automatically thanks to self-scaling) hardware resources.
♦ No waste of resources in this you only pay for what you use.
♦ No contract: The public cloud usage model implies that only the resources used will be paid when it is needed without the obligation of any contract that restricts their use.
♦ Low costs: the shared infrastructure inherent in the public cloud involves a considerable economic advantage as it is possible for the Cloud Provider to contain costs and offer its services at an advantageous price for customers.
♦ The hardare is transparent: the customer does not need to have particular hardware skills and must not make complex choices or configurations, the Cloud Provider will manage these aspects. In this way, even realities without specific skills in Information Technology can use Cloud services without dedicating internal resources.
A Gartner research shows how public cloud computing provides scalability and elasticity capabilities as a service to external customers using Internet technologies. For example, public cloud computing leverages cloud technologies to provide support to customers outside the company organization.
The use of public cloud services feeds the type of economies of sharing resources that can significantly reduce costs and increase the choice of technologies. In this way, many companies (even partners or connected to each other) can use the same services sharing the technologies and physical architectures.
The public cloud offer in Reggio Emilia of the Secure Online Desktop meets the requirements of the public cloud.
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